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Kebangkitan Perspektif Islam dalam Studi Hubungan Internasional Kontemporer

Kebangkitan Perspektif Islam dalam Studi Hubungan Internasional Kontemporer

Penulis: Muhammad Qobidl ‘Ainul Arif (UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya)   Abstract Since its inception in 1919 from “the womb” of Western civilization, International Relations could not escape from the domination of Western empirical experiences, logics, cultures and worldviews. Islamic perspective as an alternative thought as well as analytical lens in contemporary International Relations appeared on the surface at the end of twenty century. However, the study of Islamic perspective in International Relations was actually started as early as the middle of the second century of Hijrah within the discipline of Siyar. Islamic perspective in International Relations contained unique principles and way of thinking differed from Western perspective tradition. This article showed how actually Islamic perspective had been applied in the study of relations among nations since Prophet Muhammad Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam until contemporary Islamic scholars and Islamic law jurists’ era. Transformation trend of Islamic high learning institution at the end of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono government opened the gate for awakening of Islamic perspective application in International Relations in Indonesia. This was no wonder since the study of Islamic perspective in International Relations already had its own history, tradition, and basic philosophy. Keywords: International Relations; Siyar; Western Perspectives; Islamic Perspective Pengantar Ilmu Hubungan Internasional sebagai sebuah disiplin ilmu pengetahuan dalam ranah sosial-politik terbilang masih muda usia jika dibanding dengan disiplin ilmu pengetahuan lain semisal Sosiologi atau Antropologi. Badan Pendidikan, Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Kebudayaan PBB atau United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), mencatat bahwa Ilmu Hubungan Internasional (International Relations) sebagai sebuah disiplin ilmu pengetahuan berada di urutan teratas di bawah ranah ilmu politik dengan kode 5901 (“4-digit UNESCO,” 2015)....